Tap Water – How to Check If It’s Safe to Drink (Test Pollution) | Yoguely
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Tap Water – How to Check If It’s Safe to Drink (Test Pollution) | Yoguely

Today I’m going to show you why you NEED
to filter your tap water. This is the first part of my complete guide
to healthy drinking water. In this series we are going to start by exploring
what’s in your tap water. So, if you’re ready to improve your health
with safe drinking water, this video series is for you. I’m your host Aida Yoguely. Let’s get started. Welcome back my people! Bienvenidos! So, I just watched a very interesting documentary
called “The Devil We Know”. Which opened my eyes to some toxic chemicals
in the water. You know what’s scary about toxins in your water? You never know what the effect might be on
you. You might hope that you’ll develop super
powers, “Mamá, I think I’m growing a third eye!” but you’re more likely to get cancer. “That’s a tumor mijita, you need to get
that checked.” Now at this point I’m not sure what other
contaminants in my drinking water I need to avoid. I also wonder if there is even a way to diminish
my exposure to them. But I am an engineer — La Ingeniera Yoguely. And as an engineer, I’m always trying to
find ways to make things better. I analyze scientific articles and conduct
extensive research from reputable sources like: the CEH, the NIH, and the EPA. Which we know are legit because they will
make an acronym out of anything. Seriously, when they need to dedicate an entire
webpage just to acronyms, that’s when you start thinking, “Hmm, they might just be trust worthy!” But anyways,
by the end of this research, you’re going to know exactly which is the best water to
drink for your health. Drinking water is a funny thing. We can’t go more than 3 days without it and yet, we are making it easier for companies to dump waste into streams. Sounds like
we need to get our priorities checked. Those streams then flow in all kinds of directions. From the surface to underground, flowing to the oceans, evaporating, traveling as clouds around the world and then later falling as rain. Eventually making up the water that flow out
of your tap. Since tap is the simplest way for many of
us to get our drinking water, I wondered: what is in our tap water? Let’s talk about the Microbes in Your Water When I was growing up, there was one simple treatment we would do to our tap water and that was — boiling. We would boil the water for at least a minute
before drinking it. This is because there could be bacteria and
viruses in the tap water. How could that be? Well, I did some digging and turns out that first fresh water is taken from sources like lakes and streams. Right after, the water passes through treatment plants before starting the long journey to your tap. Along the way, the water is susceptible to
all sorts of contamination from the environment from the environment and our water pipes. The bacteria in water pipes could be harmful, it could be harmless, or it could even good for us. Either way, when you boil water, the extreme temperatures kills all bacteria and viruses in it. Let’s talk about the Salts, Minerals, and Pollutants in Your Water But have you ever left tap water boiling for too long? If you do, you’ll notice that what’s left
is a chalky, powdery substance. These are all of the solids that were dissolved
in the water. Most of it is limescale which is composed
of calcium and magnesium. Both of which are minerals necessary for our diets. You can find limescale spots in other places
where hard water has evaporated. For example: on your dishes, toilet bowl,
and bathtub. The total ionized solids dissolved in your
water is known as TDS. TDS is a concentration measurement. It tells you how much milligrams of dissolved
solids there are per liter of water. In the US, if your water has less than 60
mg/l, which is equivalent to 60 parts per million (abbreviated as ppm), then you’ve got “soft water”. If your TDS is more than 121 mg/l (121 ppm) then you’ve got “hard water”. I like to think of hard water as the culprit
for making things “hard” to clean off. “Aha! Leaving behind white spots again ei? Some scrubbing isn’t enough for you, oi? Take this, your worse enemy— Vinegar!” So I wondered, do I have soft water or hard
water? How to Tell Whether You Have Soft Water or
Hard Water A super quick way to figure out whether you have soft or hard water is using one of these TDS testers. You can find them for under $2 in Ali Express or if you want fast shipping it’s also available in Amazon. I’ve picked up one myself so, how about
we test my tap water right now? First remove the cap, turn the meter on, and dip the sensor 2 inches in to the water. Dipping any further would damage the sensor since the electronics in the top isn’t water sealed. Next we just got to wait about 10 seconds
for the reading to stabilize. And viola, the TDS reading for my tap water
is 98 ppm. I’m going to click hold. To hang on to that number while I take this out of the water. So as you see it’s 98 ppm. Therefore, my water lies between soft water and
hard water. If you have a TDS tester, go ahead and tweet
me (@Yoguely) a photo of your reading and what city you are in. Would be really interesting to see the differences
around the country. Purified water on the other hand would have
none of these impurities. Ideally it would be just pure H2O, without
any contaminants. But here is where it gets interesting, there
are many more chemicals in here besides calcium and magnesium. Some of them are pollutants. Substances that can cause harm to the environment and that are toxic for your body. Hold on, why are there toxins in our tap water? How is that even allowed? Let’s go back to the water treatment plant. There the local municipality processes fresh
water to meet certain standards. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), an agency of the US Federal government, sets those standards. The EPA is like the police of the environment; they enforce the law but they can also make the rules. “Environmental Protection Agency!
Stop what you’re doing!” “Why?” EPA officer jolts back “Because I said so!” At the plant, the treatment process involves
adding certain chemicals. They add chlorine to destroy biological toxins. And they add fluoride in most of the US to
improve dental health. The pH level, that is how acidic or basic the water is, is also adjusted. By the end, the treatment removes certain
contaminants completely, which is fantastic. For other pollutants though, the treatment
plants only reduces their levels to meet the EPA’s acceptable maximum contaminant level (MCL). What that means is that, water treatment plants do not completely eliminate contaminants that have no positive function or nutritional benefit for our diets. Instead the water treatment plants allow those contaminants to persist in controlled quantities in our tap water. Thousands of Pollutants in Tap Water Go Unregulated In the EPA’s Secondary Standards for Drinking Water, the EPA lists non-mandatory standards
for contaminants. Which are guidelines the EPA sets but don’t
enforce. One of which is the recommended limit of 500 ppm for the level of TDS in the water. Phew! If you recall, my tap water has 98 ppm. Luckily it falls below the maximum (recommended)
contaminant level of 500 ppm. The scariest part is that thousands of chemicals are out there flowing in streams of fresh water. Many of which are unregulated because the EPA doesn’t know enough about their hazards. EPA officer “Report what’s in that bottle!” “Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), officer!” EPA officer asks “Is that bad? Hmph Beats me. We’ll monitor this one, have a nice day!” In other words, the EPA allows unknown chemicals in drinking water until proven harmful, rather than banning them until proven safe. Take for example, one infamous group of man-made
chemicals — Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). These you really need to stay away from. Out of 5,000 PFAS, thus far 2 have been studied
extensively, PFOA and PFOS. Both are persistent chemicals. Meaning that whenever they enter the environment
and your body, it accumulates over time. The worst part is that they never break down. Once in your body, they can have adverse effects
on your health. They attack your immune system, your development and reproduction, and even leads to cancer. These are the toxic chemicals that I learned
about in the documentary called “The Devil We Know” which I mentioned earlier in the blog. I believe that the purpose of food and drink is to give our bodies the nutritional goodness to live. So, if it isn’t an essential nutrient for
life, it shouldn’t be in our tap water. I don’t know what those chemicals will do
to me. But I’m not willing to find out! In the meantime, it’s like we are all in
one big experiment. Before you know it, the last headline on the
news will be “A study of the effects of really hard to say man-made chemicals on a population of 7.53 billion leads to max-extinction of the human race.” As an engineer, I must say, that’s not the
way you do science. Is Tap Water Safe to Drink? Many people assume that tap water is the same as healthy drinking water, i.e. water that is actually safe to consume. But what makes tap water safe to drink? According to the EPA, it’s water that meets
the legal limits for certain contaminants. The EPA set’s forth those limits in their
Drinking Water Regulations. Well that’s a starting point we can use
as a criterion for healthy drinking water. Now we need to compare your tap water to the
regulations. The Contaminants in Your Drinking Water Fortunately, the U.S.A. has the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) that gives us the right to
know what is in our water. Also, to know where it is coming from, and whether there are water quality problems. You can check your drinking water quality
by reading the Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) for your area. For the longest time I’ve been wanting to
dig into what the contamination in my tap water looks like. Now we are going to find out together! Ok here is the CCR website. I had better luck googling the CCR report
for my state than going through the EPA website. Go figure. So, once you got your CCR report, compare those values with the EPA’s maximum contaminant level (MCL). The EPA lists the MCL’s on their National
Primary Drinking Water Regulation. And if you are feeling extra strict about
your safety, compare your values with those from the World Health Organization and the
European Union. They’ve got tighter standards. Mmm that is a lot of work. Sure is! That’s why I’m going to show you an easy
way to get a good idea of where your water stands. Are the Contaminants in Your Tap Water BREAKING
Health Guidelines? The Environmental Working Group (EWG) has
a sweet database. It tells you exactly how many contaminants you have in your tap water that are breaking health guidelines. Only problem is that the database is outdated,
with information only from 2010 to 2015. Let’s take a look anyways. For my city there are 9 contaminants above
health guidelines. Including chlorate which does harm to the
thyroid, chloroform and uff, many others associated with cancer risk. Holy cow. Plus, my tap water has 6 other detected contaminants like Bromide which becomes toxic when combined with chlorine. Yikes! Fluoride is in the water of course. And Strontium which accumulates in the bones
and can harm bone health. Ay ya yai! We know that tap water has been keeping me
alive in the short-term. So far. From this information we can derive that the
long-term prospects are not good if I want to live a long healthy life. And this is not taking in to account all those
unknown and unregulated chemicals, we talked about earlier. The ones that the treatment plants aren’t
testing for in our water. So, if you want higher quality water, you
will need to get your hands-on filtered water. A popular option is water in a bottle. But so many brands market bottled water to us. Are any of them worth it in the long run? Find out later in this blog whether bottled
water is an efficient way to drink healthier water. Be sure to subscribe and hit the notification
bell to stay tuned for the latest videos. If you liked this video, give it a thumbs
up. Now I would love to hear from you:
How many water contaminants are off the charts in your area? Or what kind of filtering have you been doing
to your tap water before drinking it? If you have any questions, let me know in
the comments below. Or join the discussion in the Yoguely Community
Forum. I’m Aida Yoguely. Thanks for learning with me today. And I’ll see you next time. That’s all folks! And now a word from our sponsor. Coquí Coquí Coquí We don’t have any! But you could be one! If you’d like to help support more-frequent
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  • Yoguely

    ¡Wepa Mi Gente! It’s time to unlock the mystery once and for all. Here is pretty much everything you need to know about tap water to decide whether it’s safe to drink or not.
    Topics: the Microbes in your water (2:20), Salts, Minerals, and Pollutants in your water (3:19), Limescale (3:55), Total Ionized Solids (TDS) (4:13), soft water vs hard water (5:03), how to test your water TDS level (5:11), why there are toxins in your tap water (6:59), national primary drinking water regulations (7:06), secondary drinking water standards (non-mandatory) (7:57), the unregulated pollutants (9:02), detrimental effects of contaminants on your body (9:34), is your tap water safe to drink (11:02), how to know what contaminants are in your water (11:47), which toxins in your water are breaking health guidelines (12:41), bottled water (14:11).

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